Symbols of the Namibian Nation

As a visitor to Namibia, we would love to bring you closer to our “national colours” and the meaning behind the Design of the Namibian Design identity (eg. Coat of Arms).

⦁ The Namibian Flag and it’s design identity

The National Flag is a symbol of our struggle for national unity. It symbolises peace, unity and common loyalty to Namibia. The National Flag represents the nation in every aspect.

From the 1960s the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) was the leading group working toward independence in what was then South West Africa, a de facto colony of neighbouring South Africa. When South Africa, under pressure from the international community, eventually agreed to relinquish control over the territory, a flag design competition was held for the future Republic of Namibia. The electoral victory of SWAPO in 1989 guaranteed that its own flag (a horizontal tricolour of blue, red, and green) would be influential when the choice was made.

Working with the 835 proposals submitted, the National Symbols Sub-Committee of the transitional government met throughout January 1990 and finally approved a flag recommended by South African State Herald Frederick Brownell. That design placed the blue-red-green SWAPO stripes diagonally and added white fimbriations (narrow borders) on either side of the red to set off the colours. A golden 12-pointed sun was added in the upper hoist corner to represent life and energy. While no specific colour attributions were originally made, red is now considered to reflect the heroism of the people and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity. Green is for agricultural resources, blue is for the sky and the Atlantic Ocean, and white is for peace and unity. The flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on February 2, 1990, and was first officially hoisted on independence day, March 21, that same year.

Namibia’s National Flag was unanimously adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 2 February 1990 as a symbol of the country’s struggle for national unity. It symbolises peace, unity and common loyalty to Namibia.

The National Flag represents the nation in every aspect:
⦁ The sun symbolises life and energy. The golden colour of the sun represents the warmth and the colour of the plains of the Namib Desert.
⦁ The blue symbolises the sky, the Atlantic Ocean, Namibia’s marine resources and the importance of rain and water.
⦁ Red represents the Namibian people, their heroism and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all.
⦁ White refers to peace and unity.
⦁ The green symbolises the country’s vegetation and agricultural resources.

The colours are separated by narrow white bands. On the blue triangle is a golden sun with twelve triangular rays. The rays are separated from the golden centre by a blue ring.

⦁ The Presidents Flag

The flag of Namibia’s President represents the supreme authority of the head of state and chief executive and is flown to indicate his presence.
The flag is also flown on the President’s car. The flag is rectangular with three triangles in the colours blue, gold and green. The gold is charged with the Coat of Arms. The use of the President’s Flag is restricted to Namibia. When the President travels to other countries only the National Flag is used. This means that only the National Flag can be flown in foreign countries to represent Namibia, while the President’s Flag represents the status and authority of the President of Namibia.

⦁ National Seal

The Constitution provides that the National Seal shall be in the custody of the President or such person whom the President may designate for such purpose and shall be used on such official documents as the President may determine.

⦁ National Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms represents Namibia and its people. It is also the official emblem of the Government Service as a statute body.

The Coat of Arms is therefore depicted on official stationery, used by public servants. Various national symbols are represented on the Coat of Arms. The National Flag is reproduced on the shield. The two animals and the plant on the Coat of Arms are used symbolically.

⦁ The headband refers to the traditions of our people and the diamond shapes symbolise the importance of diamonds to the country’s economy.
⦁ The National Flag is reproduced on the shield of the Coat of Arms. It is firmly anchored in the sand of the centuries-old Namib Desert.
⦁ The Welwitschia mirabilis, rooted in the desert sand is a unique desert plant, a fighter for survival and, therefore, a symbol of Namibia’s fortitude and tenacity.
⦁ On the headband above the shield is the fish eagle, representing the north and our country’s water resources.
⦁ The two Oryx antelope on either side of the shield are indigenous, specifically to the semi-arid parts of Namibia. They are renowned for their courage, elegance and pride.
⦁ The fish eagle has excellent vision and is thus also a symbol of the farsightedness of our country’s leaders.
⦁ The motto, Unity, Liberty, Justice enshrines the key principles embodied in the Constitution.
⦁ Private bodies may not use the Coat of Arms without the express permission of the President.

  • The Namibian Police Force

The Namibian Police Force also is known as Nampol was established by the Namibian Constitution and enacted through and an act of parliament Act 19 of 1990. The Namibian Police Force replaced the South-West African PoliceSebastian Ndeitunga has been its general since 2005.

+ Organization

The force is headed by an inspector general who holds the rank of lieutenant general. The inspector general is deputised by two deputy inspector generals who both hold the rank of major general. The two deputy inspector general is responsible for administration and operations.

+ Divisions/directorates

  • Communications
  • Finance
  • Gender & Welfare
  • Human Resources
  • Internal Investigation
  • Procurement & Logistics
  • Training & Development
  • FPPD Directorate
  • Traffic Law Enforcement
  • Airwing Directorate
  • Special Reserve Force
  • Operations Directorate
  • VIPP Directorate
  • Special Field Force
  • Special Branch
  • Explosive
  • Public Relations
  • Crime Investigation Directorate
  • National Forensic Science
  • Agronomic & Animal Husbandry
  • Special Operations
  • Principal Staff

+ Regional commands

All police operations in Namibia’s 14 regions are headed by a regional commander with the rank of commissioner. The Khomas region hosting the seat of government and the capital city is an exception as the regional commander is a major general.

⦁ Namibia’s National Anthem

Namibia Land of the Brave was composed and written by Mr Axali Doeseb. Namibia Land of the Brave represents the history of Namibia and its people. It describes their will to survive and hardships and, most importantly, their love for their country and their nation. It reminds them never to forget the past but to strive for national unity.

             Namibia land of the brave
             Freedom fight we have won
             Glory to their bravery
             Whose blood waters our freedom
             We give our love and loyalty
             Together in unity
             Contrasting beautiful Namibia
             Namibia our country
             Beloved land of savannahs
             Hold high the banner of liberty
             Namibia our Country
             Namibia Motherland
             we love thee

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